We started our journey to improve the teaching and learning of Science for every child in September 2018. Science is led by Mrs J. Bowns who draws upon and uses current research and pedagogy to shape the curriculum and drive and improve standards. This document sets out our approach and the teaching and learning of Science.

At Coleridge Primary School we aim to provide a high quality, inclusive Science curriculum which provides the foundations for understanding the world through the specific disciplines of biology, chemistry and physics. We feel it is vital and essential to the world’s future prosperity that all pupils are taught knowledge, skills, methods, processes and uses of Science. We believe Science should create excitement and curiosity but should also encourage children to express their thoughts, observations, explanations of what is happening, make predictions and enable them to analyse their findings.


Science is planned using the National Curriculum programmes of study and ‘Understanding the world’ in the Early Years Foundation Stage. Each programme of study is mapped out on a long term plan which ensures clear coverage across year groups and phases. The next part of the planning process is where the learning objectives and key scientific concepts are formulated on to a medium term plan. Staff use the progression of skills document to ensure that the learning is both sequential and progressive from one year and phase to the next.

Teaching and learning

To ensure high standards of teaching and learning in Science, Staff have good subject knowledge due to the CPD they engage with and their outward facing approach to their practices. The carefully designed Science curriculum provides our children with rich, meaningful and a wide range of learning experiences that aim to:

  • Prepare our children for life in an increasingly scientific and technological world today and in the future.
  • Help our children acquire a developing understanding of the nature, processes and methods of scientific ideas.
  • Support and develop but also extend our children’s scientific understanding of their world.
  • Build on our children’s natural curiosity whereby they develop a scientific approach to problem solving.
  • Encourage thinking skills, self-assessment, resilience and develop their investigative skills – including: observing, measuring, predicting, hypothesising, experimenting, communicating, interpreting, explaining and evaluating.
  • Develop and extend their scientific vocabulary and application.
  • Make links between Science and other subjects across the curriculum.

We adopt and use a variety of teaching and learning approaches in our science lessons. Our primary aim is to develop children’s knowledge, skills, independence and understanding. This can be done through whole class teaching, while at other times we engage the children in an enquiry based research activity. We actively promote and encourage the children to generate their own as well as answer scientific questions. They have opportunities to use and analyse a variety of data, such as statistics, graphs, pictures and photographs. Where appropriate the children use computing in science lessons where it supports, enhances and deepens their learning. They take part in role play and discussions and they present reports to the rest of the class. Through our science curriculum the children engage in a wide variety of problem solving activities which are purposeful and meaningful to them.


Each area of study requires children to read, write, spell and define a set of given vocabulary linked to the key ideas within the Science concepts being covered. This vocabulary is displayed on the Science working wall as well as in children’s science books where it can be referred to throughout a unit of work. These are bespoke to the unit and have been carefully designed and crafted so that the children are being exposed to subject domain vocabulary which is then applied in their oral and written work.

Children complete a pre task (beginning) and a post task (end of unit) to ascertain the skills and knowledge at the start and end of the unit. This enables Staff to identify and address any misconceptions with precision which makes our Science curriculum bespoke for all children and groups.

In addition, to each unit of work a famous or inspirational Scientist is researched, discussed and incorporated into lessons so that the children can make links to their own work. We strive to raise the children’s aspirations in the field of STEAM and organise curriculum days, have visitors in linked to these areas of expertise and we have interactive Science displays where the children can conduct their own research.

Curriculum map

Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 Year 6
Autumn 1 Seasonal changes Animals including humans Rocks Living things and their habitats Living things and their habitats


Animals including humans


Animals including humans
Autumn 2 Animals including humans Everyday materials Light Animals including humans Forces Electricity
Spring 1 Plants Living things and their habitats Force and magnets States of matter Earth and Space Evolution and inheritance
Spring 2 Plants Light
Summer 1 Everyday materials Plants Animals including humans Sound Properties and changes to materials Living things and their habitats
Summer 2 Animals including humans Everyday materials Electricity